Historical records show that the earliest people who have settled in San Diego, California date back up to 9000 years go. These people called themselves the “Kumeyaay.” When the colonists from Spain have arrived, they tried to indoctrinate them with their “Mission” aligned with the Catholic doctrine. In 1769, when the Spaniards tried to start dominating the communities in the area, the Kumeyaay decided to retreat to the hills.
Historians consider the Old Town of San Diego as the “birthplace” of California. The city was where the Spanish first settled in at the time. In 1968, the Department of Parks and Recreation of the State of California had established Old Town State Historic Park with the aims to preserve both the geographic and historical heritage that was used to identify San Diego during the Spanish colonization period. Presently, the park now includes a central plaza along with museums and regular exhibit sessions the depict narratives and living history demonstrations.
Also, a couple of historical buildings and structures still stand firm up to this day. These buildings include La Case de Bandini, La Casa de Estudillo, La Casa de Altamirano Pedrorena and lastly, the Mason Street School which was San Diego’s first schoolhouse. Victorian homes could still be found around the city, mostly have been restored to their original beauty. The all-famous Whaley House also stands up to date and has been described a haunted house. There is also the historic Little Adobe Chapel located on Conde St., which served as the first Catholic Church in the Old Town of San Diego. All these sights are now patronized by many tourists and history enthusiasts around the world.
The booming of San Diego’s population started during the First World War, where thousands of people immigrated given the growing avenues for military and base expansion, also providing jobs for people in the community. All these changes even increased drastically after the Cold War. Of course, the necessities for a larger military has lessened, as well as defense spending. Since then, San Diego evolved to becoming a center for then emerging biotech and telecommunications industries. Since the 1990’s the city has also emerged as “America’s Craft Beer Capital.” San Diego now boasts in having at least 60 brewpubs and microbreweries.
People of all stripes populate San Diego. It is known for housing in not just Californios and Chicano/Latino, but also for welcoming in the Chinese, African American, and Filipino Community. San Diego is widely considered as “America’s Finest City.” It stands with a city-wide population of about more than 3 million, it now ranks as California’s second largest city, and falls eighth as the United States’ largest. From its rich historical background to incredibly beautiful white-sand beaches and extremely comfortable and livable weather, the city now houses abundant contemporary tourist attractions and destinations (such as Sea World, LEGO Land and the world-famous San Diego Zoo) to go to for visitors of all ages.